Ramesh Raliya: The nano urea scientist who gave his invention to Indian farmers for free

Increasing up in a lousy farming domestic in a small village in Rajasthan’s Jodhpur district, Ramesh Raliya’s school luggage have been typically stitched from water-resistant fertiliser sacks. These days, the 33-12 months-aged chemical scientist’s invention, the nano urea, has the potential to not just aid India save billions of dollars in imports and fertiliser subsidies, but also increase farm yields and prevent ecological harm triggered by the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals. Also, Raliya has licensed his invention for free to ensure Indian farmers can accessibility it at small charge.


This week, IFFCO, the country’s premier fertiliser co-operative with revenue a lot more than Rs thirty,000 crore started out the industrial manufacturing and sale of Raliya’s invention to lakhs of farmers.

How it is effective

Ramesh Raliya at do the job


Raliya’s patented nano urea, in liquid type, can be sprayed specifically on the leaves all through two crucial growth levels of a crop rather of chucking in conventional urea in granular type to the soil. A 500ml bottle of nano urea can substitute the need to have for a 45kg bag of urea. “Nano urea is like getting an intravenous injection instead than popping a capsule. The ultra-small particles are far better absorbed specifically from the leaf than by the soil. Much more than 70 for each cent of the conventional urea utilized in the soil remains unabsorbed by plants and it squandered. It will make the soil acidic and the run-off ends up polluting water bodies,” spelled out Raliya, Typical Supervisor and Head of R&D at IFFCO. Raliya started performing on nano urea in 2009 all through his PhD at the Indian Council for Agricultural Investigate (ICAR) and completed its advancement for use at industrial scale at Washington College, St Louis. “Several global agri corporations have been eager to buy the license, presented me eye-catching royalties and jobs with 6-figure salaries. But my precondition was that nano urea need to be designed offered to farmers at charge, or the lowest rate doable,” he included.

In a letter to Key Minister Modi in 2015, Raliya designed a similar supply. Undeterred by the absence of response he persevered, and at the 3rd endeavor, PMO officers invited him to make a presentation to a large team of experts and professionals. Persuaded about Raliya’s item following visits to his lab and trial fields in St Louis, the governing administration hooked him up with IFFCO to commercialise it. In 2019, Raliya shifted foundation to India, joined IFFCO and set up a nanotechnology R&D centre at Gandhinagar.

Protecting against too much utilization

India uses about 60 million tonnes of fertilisers per year. The Govt spends just about Rs one lakh crore a 12 months in fertiliser subsidy or about Rs 7000 for each farmer. This generally acts as a perverse incentive for farmers to use them with indiscriminate surplus foremost to soil infertility, ecological harm and a poisonous food stuff chain. Punjab for instance uses 246 kg of fertiliser for each hectare towards a national average of 135 kg. “Our place lacks the raw supplies for fertilisers. Oil and gas necessary to make them are scarce sources and not sustainable. At IFFCO we imagine in building sustainable, modern answers to cut down the input charge of agriculture and raise farmers’ cash flow. That is the cause we have been in a position to produce the world’s to start with nano urea liquid,” explained US Awasthi, MD and CEO, IFFCO.

Urea, a type of fertiliser is used as a supply of nitrogen for plant growth and advancement. Nitrogen is the crucial constituent of amino acids, enzymes, DNA and RNA and chlorophyll in a plant. Commonly, the nitrogen information in a nutritious plant ranges from one.5-4 for each cent. Due to the fact nano nitrogen particles are dispersed in liquid type in nano urea, they start off acting just about quickly when sprayed on crop leaves to meet up with the crop nutritional requirement and also cause pathways for uptake and assimilation of nitrogen.

All India trials, on just about forty crops at a lot more than eleven,000 places, showed nano urea increases crop productivity by 8 for each cent (in fruits and vegetables the gains have been as high as 24 for each cent) and can cut down the need to have for conventional urea by 50 percent. Further more, application of nano urea increases biomass, soil wellbeing and nutritional high quality of the create. In accordance to IFFCO, when all its a few plants start off developing 32 crore bottles of nano urea per year, it could substitute just about one hundred forty lakh tonnes of subsidised urea preserving the place close to Rs thirty,000 crore, not counting the advantages of appreciably decrease logistics and warehousing expenditures.

But, for a young guy who could have make major revenue providing this commercially, why did Raliya select to supply his analysis for free?

“Coming from a farming relatives, I have noticed the hardships of agriculture to start with-hand. I was brought up to imagine what you do for your place and group issues a lot more than personalized ambition. Also, as a scientist, I’m not offering absent everything. This is my investment in my setting, farmers and place.”

Raliya’s school bag must have carried a lot more than just textbooks.