May 26, 2024


Passion For Business

The HT Bt mess needs to be cleaned up swiftly

An posting titled “HTBT situation: We really should embrace seed technological know-how but not via illegal means” appeared in The Hindu Enterprise Line on July 24. It is necessary to set some of the specifics straight and deal with the important situation of illegal cultivation of HT Bt cotton.

Bt1 Cotton was approved in 2002, though Bt2 was approved in 2006. An Indian business, Mahyco, introduced it to India, in collaboration with Monsanto. Around the previous eighteen decades, Bt Cotton technological know-how has included more than ninety five for each cent of the country’s cotton. About 70 lakh cotton farmers derived phenomenal benefits, as did the country.

About 2007, many Point out governments placed a cap on the Highest Retail Price of Bt Cotton seeds. In 2016, the Ministry of Agriculture sounded the death knell by repairing the rates of Bt cotton seeds at Rs 800 for each packet, like a payment of Rs forty nine to the technological know-how service provider, which more than the previous 5 decades has been decreased to “zero”. The present MRP is Rs 730.

Cotton farmers faced multiple issues with weed administration. In buy to supply the future-era traits to assistance them defeat these issues, Mahyco started out producing HT Cotton, which was tolerant to the weedicide glyphosate. Challenges with labour availability impacted weeding functions in cotton fields. HT technological know-how was, for that reason, seen as a blessing for cotton farmers. Appropriately, a regulatory software for acceptance was moved for HT Cotton (RR Flex) in 2013 by Mahyco. Having said that, due to the unfavourable plan and regulatory environment, which integrated delays in the regulatory procedure and value controls, Mahyco withdrew its regulatory software in 2016.

The blight of illegal seeds

Unlawful planting of HT Cotton was claimed initially all-around 2015. What started out on a small acreage has spread noticeably more than the decades. Farmers are claimed to be shelling out more than Rs one,200 for each packet of the illegal HTBt Cotton seed, so demonstrating the require for it and their readiness to pay a value for it. The source and planting of illegal HT Cotton can not be condoned or justified below any instances.


The measurement of the cotton seed industry is Rs two,500-3,000 crore, and not Rs 25,000 crore. as claimed in the posting. Of this, about Rs four hundred crore well worth illegal seeds have displaced the business enterprise of fantastic cotton seed firms. The government lost tax income. Farmers do not get quality seed and soon after-product sales company. Excellent cotton seed firms, the government and the GEAC have all been anxious about the proliferation of illegal HT Bt cotton.

The Area Inspection and Scientific Analysis Committee (FISEC) formed by the Prime Minister’s Office to look into this conducted a detailed enquiry and examined many hybrids of HT Bt Cotton staying sold illegally. The FISEC submitted its report to the PMO in 2018 and it blew the lid off a flourishing illegal cotton business enterprise. The FISEC panel gathered more than 13,000 leaf and seed samples and uncovered prevalence of unapproved HT cotton in more than 15 for each cent of the acreage in the critical cotton-rising States of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Gujarat.

The FISEC is claimed to have explained that hybrids formulated by the seed business Mahyco, which had been in regulatory acceptance, had been not uncovered in any field samples “indicating there has been no deliberate launch” by the business into the industry. The report also included that “the fourteen illegal hybrids gathered from the fields could be grouped into two important genetic groups, indicating quite slender genetic base reflecting structured illegal breeding action by a few of companies”.

Major operators at perform

An estimated fifty-60 lakh packets of illegal HT Bt Cotton are staying equipped to farmers by unscrupulous things. This would have to have at the very least twenty,000 acres of cotton seed production spot, not one thing that can be organised by small seed firms.

In 2018, the Point out governments of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana conducted raids at services owned by some major cotton seed firms and recovered important quantities of illegal unapproved HT cotton seeds. Situations had been submitted against these firms.

It is not tricky for illegal operators to obtain the HT gene. It could have been introduced conveniently from outside the country by smuggling a couple seeds clandestinely. There is, for that reason, no question that some “influential” seed firms illegally obtained the technological know-how via unscrupulous strategies. These firms have ensured that the unapproved seeds percolated into the industry and needy farmers bought and cultivated the exact same, placing on their own below large hazard.

Identical old tips

The posting described earlier mentioned helps make the fallacious argument that the seeds of ‘respectable’ firms had been contaminated due to the presence of the trait in the production fields. This is an old trick that is staying practised as soon as once more by some seed firms: introduce the seeds with the most recent technologies in a discreet method and then claim that the unapproved occasion uncovered its way into their seeds due to contamination via wind or other identical indicates. In the previous, these claims had been trashed by the regulator as very well. It is the lawful responsibility of just about every business to test their seed for adventitious presence of unapproved GM traits. They can not make any justification for not ensuring that there is no unapproved GM trait in their seed.

If firms continue to circumvent the regulatory procedure and present scant respect for the legislation, technological know-how flow into the country may well halt. The government needs to crack down without the need of any sympathy on some of these firms that have time and once more taken the direct in spreading illegal seeds. Probably all seed plenty have to be examined by the government right before firms provide them. Generation fields of illegal HT seeds really should be located and ploughed down in this kharif period below government supervision.

What is needed right now is for the government to phone upon the technological know-how service provider and arrive at a plan and licensing framework that encourages introduction of HT Cotton, followed by a swift regulatory procedure for analyzing the knowledge and approving the technological know-how. This will reward Indian cotton, seed industry and earlier mentioned all the cotton farmer. Any additional hold off will only trigger irreparable damage to the meticulously developed cotton ecosystem.

The writer is Director Typical, Federation of Seed Market of India